So talking about investors, how many different types of investors are there? And where can startups or entrepreneurs get their funding from VCs angels? But if you could talk a little bit about each of those, I guess, and banks and any other source. Yeah. And remember, think of me as someone that has never heard of any of this stuff? Yeah,
that's very good question. Actually, there are numerous routes to getting financing. In fact, I think founders and startups nowadays have a hugely greater opportunity than existed many years ago, the,
especially the ecosystem in Silicon Valley is extremely broad. So you have angel investors at the smaller end of the scale, who will typically invest 2025, maybe $50,000, some obviously can invest more than that you've got family offices, you've got venture capitalists, and then the scale goes all the way up to, you know, private equity firms and so on.
Tell me about an angel investor, what is an angel investor, an angel
investor, again, there are different sorts, sometimes you have angel investors who worked at larger corporations, and they perhaps have excess time or they have excess cash available, and they think, okay, you know, I can invest in something that sounds interesting, or you know, that through their work they think they know a little bit a little bit about, and then you've got, perhaps successful entrepreneurs who've actually got, you know, previous successful startups that they have maybe sold, and they bring with them certain areas of expertise, whether it's a certain vertical as the artificial intelligence or machine learning in robotics, in tech, all sorts of other areas like that. Or it could be a specialization in terms of what they're doing, for example, to marketing in terms of maybe certain engineering skills they have, and so on. And they will typically try and invest in those areas where, where they can apply, and they can help the founders and startups with their expertise,
okay? So. So an angel investor Menton checks between 25,000, possibly 50,000, maybe a little bit more. They might have been successful entrepreneurs or industry experts. What about the other groups? you'd mentioned? You mentioned family funds, what's the family fund, a family fund, it's essentially
a fund which has been put together by a successful either founder or families. So sometimes you even have two or three generations of families that that have been operating a particular business. And if they've perhaps sold that business or generated significant amounts of cash from that business, they'll put it into a fund and then certain allocations will be decided upon, you know, they could decide to put some in very secure investments, they could decide to put a portion of the fund into more risky investment, which includes early stage startups and so on.
And so those are generally refer to them as family funds, and you've got single family funds, you've got multi family funds, multifamily funds being, for example, several families getting together and saying, you know, okay, this is going to be one fund and that they, they, they then again, decided upon where their joint interests are, and and invest accordingly. Okay. And then you also mentioned VC, VC, what does that stand for VCs, a venture capitalists, and again, there's a wide range of venture cap plus some have
interests in particular vertical, again, like verticals I mentioned. So it could be ad tech, FinTech, med, tech, health tech, they're all sorts of texts, or it could be in a geographic area that they tend to focus or it could be a particular stage of investments that they focus on. So stage of investments could be pre seed, very early stage where it's just an idea to seed and then you've got a rounds, B rounds, C rounds, D rounds and so on all the way until maybe a company is very large and could potentially do an IPO.